Glass Tile / January 10, 2019 / Genevieve Brunelle
In addition there are two other eminent glass surface treatments for these tiles: slumping and etching. Smalti tile is type of tile which is an opaque glass. It has been in use from ancient times. "Smalti" is an Italian word and refers to a glass paste. Smalti is made by mixing molten glass with metal oxides for color. Translucent Smalti is a popular variant of smalti glass tile. It looks like stained glass with uniform colors. Byzantine Glass is another smalti variant made from thinner slabs of glass. Metallic Smalti is a swirl of a copper-bearing mineral added into the molten glass before it is pressed. Gold Smalti are made by applying a gold leaf and a thin layer of blown glass. Fused Tile is manufactured using the fusion method. In this type a flat glass is cut into tiles shapes and then fired in a furnace. The clear glass will show the tile until treated with a color.
Although the definition of clear/translucent glass is "allowing light to pass through partially or diffusely" it doesnt mean that all clear glass tiles are transparent in a way that you can see for example an object or your hand behind it. Clear glass is the material used to make these tiles but they can have color or not. There are basically three types of clear glass tiles: back colored stained and plain or non-colored. Back colored clear glass mosaic tiles are by far the most popular in the market. The tiles are made of clear/translucent glass usually from 4mm to 8mm thick and they receive a coating/painting on the back during manufacturing which is what gives the color to the tile.
What that means is glass expands and contracts at a greater rate than other materials someone might use in their pool e.g. ceramic or stone. Since the tile is adhered to the bottom of the pool while its expanding and contracting it can easily crack and break if the cement its laid into doesnt stretch with it. Therefore the question often heard from customers is "How do I install glass tile in my pool without having to repair the broken tiles year after year?" The answer has not always been an easy one. However with advances in technology and contractors growing experience installing glass tile we are now able to provide customers with the right recommendations so that their pool installation experiences minimal problems.